Mediterranea

Holistic Design applied to regenerate gardens, orchards and human settlements.

Climate and Geography
The Mediterranean is  a particular variety of subtropical climate. It is the climate typical of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, also found in most of California and in southwestern Oregon, in parts of Western and South Australia, in southwestern South Africa, sections of Central Asia, and in central Chile. The Mediterranean climate is characterized by warm to hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. Mediterranean climate zones are associated with the five large subtropical high pressure cells of the oceans which are also linked to playing a major role in the formation of the world’s subtropical and tropical deserts as well as the Mediterranean Basin’s climate.
Aridification
 Aridification is the process of a region becoming increasingly dry. It refers to long term change rather than seasonal variation.It is often measured as the reduction of average soil moisture content. It can be caused by natural or anthropogenic means such as climate change, reduced precipitation, increased evaporation, lowering of water tables or changes in ground cover. Its major consequences include reduced agricultural production, soil degradation, ecosystem changes and decreased water catchment runoff.Wikipedia Source
Dry land conditions
 A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely.

After Köppen climate classification treats steppe climates (BSk and BSh) as intermediates between desert climates (BW) and humid climates in ecological characteristics and agricultural potential. Semi-arid climates tend to support short or scrubby vegetation, with semi-arid areas usually dominated by either grasses or shrubs.

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Xerolandscaping, is the adaptation of conventional landscaping into arid climatic conditions. Thus increasing plants whose natural requirements are appropriate to the local climate, avoiding water loss by evapotranspiration. The terms used are various; conservative waterscapes, landscapes drought tolerant, smart landscaping or smart gardening…

In the process of creating a mediterranean food forest or forest groves, we will use drought tolerant trees such as figs, almonds , apricots , plums and vines. And so for edible shrubs, herbaceous plants and flowers.

Hidrozonation

  • Grouping plants with similar watering requirements together is absolutely necessary. Plants that require more water ( for example , cabbages , certain fruits and flowers ) are grouped together . These hydrophilic plants might be also protected from direct summer wind and sun (under trees , next to a house etc. . ) To reduce the amount of water they need.
  • Minimal turf areas , using species of drought-resistant grass where grass is wanted.The landscape can be complemented with edges and islets of ornamental plants that are more efficient with water(sedum, liliaceae, sempervivum).
  • Efficient use of water – drip or bleeding irrigation where possible.
  • Water conservation on the ground. The soils to which structure is improved conserve water better , also hinder evaporation by mulching the surface with straw , leaves, algae or added bark, cool the soil surface and thus biodiversity.
Advantages
  • Lower water bills
  • A greater amount of water available for other people and for other uses (showers , sinks … )
  • Less time and labor needed for maintenance so gardening become a simpler and more relaxing manner
  • The xeric plants along with an appropriate floral bedding design gives place to optimum use of rainfall
  • When water restrictions are implemented , the xerophytes tend to survive , while traditional plants won’t.

Represent an increase of habitat for native bees, butterflies , and other pollinating fauna of our gardens and orchards.

Disadvantages

  • Takes planning , especially if a change of color is desired through the seasons, as most perennials do not bloom continuously .
  • It may require more work to prepare the ground in the growing beds that simply putting lawn.
  • Requires the people moving from an area of abundant water of poor water change their mind as to what types of plants can be kept in the gardens of a more practical and economical manner .
  • You may have to replace one type of plant for another, or create shadows on it.